metadata.py 4.83 KB
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# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

import os
from pprint import pformat

from geopandas import GeoDataFrame, GeoSeries
try:
    from osgeo import gdal
except ImportError:
    import gdal


autohandled_meta = [
    'bands',
    'byte_order',
    'coordinate_system_string',
    'data_type',
    'file_type',
    'header_offset',
    'interleave',
    'lines',
    'samples',
]


class GDAL_Metadata(object):
    def __init__(self, filePath='', nbands=1):
        # privates
        self._global_meta = dict()
        self._band_meta = dict()

        self.bands = nbands
        self.filePath = filePath
        self.format = ''

        if filePath:
            self.read_from_file(filePath)

    @classmethod
    def from_file(cls, filePath):
        return GDAL_Metadata(filePath=filePath)

    @classmethod
    def from_DataFrame(cls, dataframe):
        # type: (GeoDataFrame) -> 'GDAL_Metadata'

        if dataframe.empty:
            raise ValueError('DataFame must not be empty.')

        GDMD = GDAL_Metadata(nbands=dataframe.shape[1])
        GDMD.df = dataframe

        return GDMD

    def to_DataFrame(self):
        df = GeoDataFrame(columns=range(self.bands))

        # add global meta
        for k, v in self.global_meta.items():
            df.loc[k] = GeoSeries(dict(zip(df.columns, [v] * len(df.columns))))

        # add band meta
        for k, v in self.band_meta.items():
            df.loc[k] = GeoSeries(dict(zip(df.columns, v)))

        return df

    @property
    def global_meta(self):
        if not self._global_meta:
            pass

        return self._global_meta

    @global_meta.setter
    def global_meta(self, meta_dict):
        if not isinstance(meta_dict, dict):
            raise TypeError("Expected type 'dict', received '%s'." % type(meta_dict))

        self._global_meta = meta_dict

    @property
    def band_meta(self):
        if not self._band_meta:
            pass

        return self._band_meta

    @band_meta.setter
    def band_meta(self, value):
        pass

    @property
    def all_meta(self):
        all_meta = self.global_meta.copy()
        all_meta.update(self.band_meta)
        return all_meta

    @staticmethod
    def _convert_str_parameter(param_value):
        try:
            try:
                return int(param_value)  # NOTE: float('0.34') causes ValueError: invalid literal for int() with base 10
            except ValueError:
                return float(param_value)
        except ValueError:
            return param_value

    def read_from_file(self, filePath):
        assert ' ' not in filePath, "The given path contains whitespaces. This is not supported by GDAL."

        if not os.path.exists(filePath):
            raise FileNotFoundError(filePath)

        ds = gdal.Open(filePath)

        try:
            if not ds:
                raise Exception('Error reading file:  ' + gdal.GetLastErrorMsg())

            self.bands = ds.RasterCount
            self.format = ds.GetDriver().GetDescription()

            ###############
            # ENVI format #
            ###############

            if self.format == 'ENVI':
                metadict = ds.GetMetadata('ENVI')

                for k, v in metadict.items():

                    if k not in autohandled_meta:

                        if len(v.split(',')) == self.bands:
                            # band meta parameter
                            item_list = [
                                item_str.split('{')[1].strip() if item_str.strip().startswith('{') else
                                item_str.split('}')[0].strip() if item_str.strip().endswith('}') else
                                item_str.strip() for item_str in v.split(',')]

                            self.band_meta[k] = [self._convert_str_parameter(item_str) for item_str in item_list]

                        else:
                            # global meta parameter
                            self.global_meta[k] = self._convert_str_parameter(v)

            #####################
            # remaining formats #
            #####################

            else:
                # read global domain metadata
                self.global_meta = ds.GetMetadata()

                # read band domain metadata
                for b in range(self.bands):
                    band = ds.GetRasterBand(b + 1)
                    # meta_gs = GeoSeries(band.GetMetadata())
                    bandmeta_dict = band.GetMetadata()

                    for k, v in bandmeta_dict.items():
                        if k not in self.band_meta:
                            self.band_meta[k] = []

                        self.band_meta[k].append(self._convert_str_parameter(v))

                    # # fill metadata
                    # self.df[b] = meta_gs
                    del band

        finally:
            del ds

        return self.all_meta

    def __repr__(self):
        return pformat(self.all_meta)